Practice Problems: Truthiness

Example 1

arr = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]

new_array = do |n|
  n + 1

p new_array


On line 6, we are calling the method p passing in local variable new_array to it as an argument. This method output and return the array object pointed by the variable, namely [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11].

One line 1, we are initializing the local variable arr to the array object with element 1 to 10: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10].

On line 3, we are intializing new_array with the result of the method select.

On line 3-5, the method select is called on the local variable arr passing in the do..end block as an argument.

The method select iterates over each element in the array and passes it to the block as the parameter n.

On line 4, 1 is added to n. As it’s the last line of the block, the result is returned.

The method select considers if the returned value of the block evaluates to true or not. If it is, the method add the value to a new array.

This problem demonstrates the concept of truthiness. In Ruby, everything except false and nil evaluates to true. In the case above, the block never returns false or nil, therefore each value returned by the block are evaluated to true and therefore all returned to the new array created by select. This new array is used as the array object used in the initialization of new_array.

Example 2

arr = [1, 2, 3].any? do |num|

p arr


This code outputs true and return true.

On line 5 we are calling the method p passing in the local variable arr.

The local variable arr is defined on line 1. It is defined with the return value of the method call any? on object array [1, 2, 3] passing in a do..end block.

The method any? return true when at least one block passed to it returns true. Here, it return true because on line 1-3, the do..end block return the local string "hi" which always evaluates to true.

This problem demonstrates how the method any? works, as well as truthiness in Ruby.

Time: 07:53